Membrane Arrays

Membrane arrays offer a multiplex approach to assaying protein expression. They are membrane-based assays that allow simultaneous screening of multiple proteins in a sample. Membrane antibody arrays are commercially available from many suppliers and can be constructed to assess less than 10 to hundreds of proteins in a pathway or biological system of interest. The arrays are convenient for assaying expression of proteins involved in inflammation, angiogenesis, apoptosis, cell signaling, and other cellular processes.

A membrane antibody array is a sandwich-style immunoassay, similar to an ELISA, with the capture antibody spotted on a membrane instead of the bottom of the well of a dish. The sample is applied to the membrane and any proteins that become bound to the capture antibodies are detected with a second set of labeled antibodies. The arrays are usually imaged using chemiluminescent signal. 

Antibody arrays

Antibody arrays

Similarly, dot blots can be imaged and analyzed using chemiluminescence or fluorescence detection. A dot blot is a Western blot in which the sample is spotted onto a membrane. Dot blots speed the process of asking whether a protein is present in a sample by skipping the electrophoresis and transfer steps of a traditional Western blot. This facilitates the high-throughput screening of multiple samples but at the cost of losing information about protein size and the ability to differentiate noise from specific bands.

What to use to image membrane arrays

AzureSpot Pro analysis Software
AzureSpot Pro software facilitates blot analysis, including background subtraction, band detection, and normalization.

A chemiluminescent-capable imager is commonly used to image membrane arrays. These include the Azure 300400500600 Imager Models, as well as the Azure Sapphire Biomolecular Imager.

Analysis software is also able to help you analyze your membrane and antibody arrays. Azure Biosystems offers AzureSpot Pro, a software which includes an analysis module to facilitates the analysis of membrane antibody arrays and dot blots, as well as plate-based assays. This module assists with presence/absence detection and normalization.

Related Products
Azure 600 Western blot Imaging system

Imaging systems for  antibody arrays, membrane arrays, Western blots and DNA gels

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